Woodward's Country Homes.
The general appearance of this Cottage, as seen from the road, is shown in the engraving, which is a perspective view of the North and East Fronts.
It is situated at Montrose, on the lake-like shores of Hempstead Harbor, near the village of Roslyn, Long Island, a spot noted for its beauty and healthfulness.
Size of building, 44 by 38 feet. Principal Plan (Fig. 103) 10 feet high. P. shows a recessed porch, with double doors of oak, (oiled) the outer ones open, to be closed only at night and stormy weather, behind the one on the right is a space for wet umbrellas, &c., the inner doors have glazed panels to give light within, and should always be closed. V. is the vestibule, containing a spiral staircase, with walnut steps and rail (oiled). The floor laid with encaustic tiles, with ceiling groined, and walls finished in imitation of stone in the sand coat.
On the left (under the stairs) is a private door opening into a lobby, fitted with wash-basin, water, &c., and lighted by a narrow window, that also serves to light the front basement stairs, so that a servant could answer a call, at either front or back doors, without passing through the central hall; which would not only be more convenient for them, but would be to the family and guests, especially in time of company, when the hall would form a central room, by closing the doors that lead to the stairs: not would this interfere in the least with the domestics, or their duties: as they can go from cellar to attic without disturbing the privacy of a single room: and the guests could ascend, unseen to the dressing rooms above, (from either entrance) or depart in the same manner.
The hall screen, separating the vestibule, should be of real oak, (oiled) and lighted in the panels with stained glass, which would impart a soft and pleasant light to the hall, and produce a fine effect on either side, day or night. The hall is here placed in the centre of the plan, and so happily arranged are the doors and rooms, as not only to give it a symmetrical effect, but to unite the whole, en suite, without disturbing the individuality of either. Also, the hall lamp and stove would light and warm, equally, every room, besides passage, vestibule, and stairs. The cloak closet is in the passage which contains the back stairs.
P. is the Parlor, which would be the favorite living room in the summer, as it faces the north, and has a large bay-window commanding a fine view down the harbor to the sound.
L. is the Library, and living room, connected with the parlor by sliding doors, with recessed book-cases, on each side, and the same on the sides of the bay-window, here facing the south, and possessing a beautiful view of the bay and hills, with the village in the distance, which make it the favorite quarters in winter, being fully exposed to the genial influences of the sun during the absence of foliage at that season. On the right of the mantel is a private closet for plate, papers, &c., both these rooms have windows opening on the west veranda, with a fine view across the harbor. D. is the Dining room, and a most cheerful one, (as it should be,) with a large ornamental window on the east, admitting the morning sun, and a fine bay-window on the north, looking down the road and harbor, possessing a charming prospect of land and water.
To harmonize with the bay (on the other end) is the sideboard recess with a dumb-waiter on the right, and a china closet on the left; on one side of the mantel is the door opening into the lobby, which communicates with the hall, and basement plan below, and fitted with wash-basin, water, &c., which would be found most convenient to wash hands or glasses, delicate or valuable articles of use not wished to be trusted to careless servants. It will be seen that the three windows on this plan, are of different forms, and each fitted with inside shutters. C. is the principal chamber, or boudoir, facing fouth and east, with fine large windows in each. The one on the south has closets on each side, and opens into the conservatory, making this a most delightful ladies'-work-room. It will be seen that all the rooms on this floor, although not large, are of the most comfortable size, perfect and elegantly proportioned, and arranged with every conceivable convenience requisite for the enjoyment of all the comforts and luxuries of life.
Chamber Plan (Fig. 103.) is nine feet high, and in keeping with the rest, in its admirable arrangements, furnishing five excellent rooms, with a bath room, convenient to all, fitted with the latest improvements, (the water closet enclosed, and vertical pipes, which would make freezing impossible). The four principal rooms are about equal in size and attractiveness, as they possess the same fine views as the corresponding ones beneath, and each finished with fire-places and ample closet room. The small room windows open on a balcony, with a charming view of the bay; and would afford an agreeable lounge in summer evenings, to enjoy the setting sun, or cool breeze. All the rooms on these two floors (except the last) to be fitted with Dixon's patent grates, and Arnott's ventilating valves, which would secure sweet, healthy, and warm rooms, without draughts. The hall, as will be seen, is well lighted and ventilated, not only by the stair-case window, on the north, but by the ventilating sash-lights over the doors of every-room; the bath room door is also lighted in the panel with ground glass. Between the doors, on the east side, is the lift, or dumb-waiter, and dust register, which being in the centre of the plan, is of equal convenience to all.
Fig 104 Roof and attic plan. The attic contains five good rooms for the accommodation of the servants, storing fruit, trunks, &c., and drying clothes. As this plan has the same central arrangements as all the rest, consequently the same advantages in economy of space, and of direct and easy access to every room, stairs, &c. The landing here is lighted in the same way as the hall below, and by the same staircase window, with the addition of a large sky-light and ventilator in the centre, which would keep the rooms sweet and cool.
Fig. 105, shows the Basement and Cellar plan, nine feet high, and containing every requisite convenience for the domestic duties of a family. As they are on the same level, and under the principal story, the noise and smell of the kitchen would be excluded. The garden entrance is shown by the steps on the southwest corner of area, which extends the whole of the west side, round to the hall door on the south; and covered by verandah, would make these rooms dry, cool, and pleasant, as they are but little below ground, and well lighted on two sides, with a large bay-window in each; the north bay fitted with wash-tubs, as this kitchen is intended as a back one, or scullery, and for cooking in during the heat of summer, it has a sink closet on the left of the fire-place, and dresser and shelves for pots and pans on the south side, by which, is a door opening into the basement, and one out on the area. The basement would be a cheerful room, facing the south with a large bay-window with seats and inside shutters, on the opposite side is a dresser fitted with plate rack, &c. On the east is the range and pantry; behind the range, in the hall, is a warm closet for clothes, shoes, &c., and opposite, under the stairs, is a dark one, for potatoes. At the north end of the hall, (and behind the scullery, fire-place, &c.) is the furnace room and front basement stairs. On the east side of the hall is the dumb-waiter, or lift. The coal cellar has two bins placed under the shoots, for large and small coal, with two on the east side for ashes and wood. Against the middle window is a wire gauze safe, for cooked meats, &c.; between this and the wine cellar is the dairy; the other division is for stores in general. All the partitions are made open, so as to admit the free circulation of light and air.
On observing the relative position of the different doors and windows, in the several plans, it will be found that the house may be ventilated by through draughts in every direction at pleasure; a luxury to be appreciated in the heat of summer. Also, by carrying the lift, or dumb-waiter, to the top of the house, and communicating with every floor, its full value would be secured, besides forming a ventilating shaft for the whole building, from cellar to attic. Another valuable labor-saving convenience (next to the water-works and lift) is the dust shoot, which is simply a tin tube, with registers in the floors of the different plans, to sweep the dust into, from the rooms, where it descends to the cellar, and is caught in a barrel, to be removed when full. It is here placed in the hall, by the side of the lift, on every floor, which by this central arrangement is at the door of every room.
Construction, although of wood, is made nearly fire proof, by making the floors, walls, partitions and stairs solid. The walls and principal partitions are formed of slats of one inch thick by four inches broad, securely nailed one on the other, so as to form a one inch groove on both sides, to plaster on. This forms a good strong six inch solid wall, fire and vermin proof, and dryer than any built of stone or brick. The stairs to have their skeletons of iron work, filled in solid with cement. The floors of basement and entry to be of earthenware tiles, the kitchen and cellar cemented. That of the principal plan, (forming the ceiling of the basement, &c., the seat of danger,) should be formed of brick, arched on iron girders, and filled up with cement, and laid with larch, (as that burns less freely than any other wood). The hall, &c., to be laid with encaustic tiles. The floors of the chamber plans should have their timbers coated with plaster paris, and filled up with mortar and laid with larch, the plastering of the ceiling, &c., on wire gauze, instead of lath; a slate roof, and the walls of the basement plan of hollow brick, and plastered on the inner surface. By these simple and inexpensive means, the house would be nearly fire proof, and life and property secure.
The exterior is covered by a sand coat, of a cheerful and rich light brown ochre tint, it being the most befitting for the situation and design, besides possessing the advantages of economy, and imparting a more substantial effect, it avoids that harsh and disagreeable glare and glisten of paint.
A New Printing of the 1865 Country Homes.
GEO. E. WOODWARD,
Architect and Civil Engineer.
AUTHOR OF "Woodward's Architecture and Rural Art,"
No. One & No. Two.
"A practical work, with 150 Designs and Plans of Country Houses of moderate cost, with illustrated description of the manner of constructing Balloon Frames." 34 building designs with perspectives and 72 floor plans, including cottages, country houses, stone stable and coach house, farm cottages, timber cottages, rural church, school house, carriage house, and farm buildings, also fence and gate designs...
Originally published in New York, 1865, by Geo. E. Woodward.
New Printing, 2001, Merrymeeting Archives, LLC.
188 pages, Spiral-bound book, 5½"x8½".
Chapter Description INTRODUCTION.
Domestic Architecture and Embellishment.
Text. DESIGN I.
A Laborer's Cottage, on Estate Grounds, the Palisades in New Jersey.
Text and Illustrations 1)Front Elevation 2) End Elevation 3) First Floor 4) Second Floor DESIGN II.
A Small Frame Cottage
Text and Illustrations 5) Front Elevation 6) Side Elevation 7) First Floor 8) Second Floor DESIGN III.
A Compact Frame Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 9) Front Elevation 10) Side elevation 11) Basement Plan 12) First Floor 13) Second Floor DESIGN IV.
A Rural Cottage of moderate extent.
Text and Illustrations 14) House Perspective 15) Basement Floor 16) First Floor 17) Second Floor 18) First Floor Enlarged DESIGN V.
A Gardener's Cottage, Roslyn, Long Island.
Text and Illustrations 19) House Perspective View 20) First Floor 21) Chamber Floor DESIGN VI.
Stone Stable and Coach House, on the Hudson.
Text and Illustrations 22) House Perspective 23) Ground Plan DESIGN VII.
A Farm Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 24) House Perspective View 25) Cellar 26) First Floor 27) Second Floor DESIGN VIII.
Design for a Timber Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 28) House Perspective View 29) Cellar 30) First Floor 31) Second Floor DESIGN IX.
Design for a Rural Church, Western Shore of Lake George.
Text and Illustrations 32) Church Perspective 33) Floor Plan DESIGN X.
A Suburban Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 34) House Perspective 35) Basement Plan 36) First Floor 37) Second Floor DESIGN XI.
An Ornamental Summer House.
Text and Illustrations 38) Summer House Perspective DESIGN XII.
Stable and Carriage House.
Text and Illustrations 39) Stable Perspective 40) Stable Plan DESIGN XIII.
A Model Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 41) Elevation 42) Plan 43) First Floor 44) Second Floor DESIGN XIV.
A Cottage Stable.
Text and Illustrations 45) Cottage Stable Perspective 46) Plan DESIGN XV.
Design for an Ice House.
Text and Illustrations 47) Ice House Perspective 48) Ground Plan DESIGN XVI.
A Suburban Cottage.
Text and Illustrations 49) House Perspective 50) Basement Plan 51) First Floor 52) Second Floor DESIGN XVII.
Stable and Carriage House.
Text and Illustrations 53) Stable Perspective 54) Stable Plan DESIGN XVIII.
School House at Irvington, on the Hudson.
Text and Illustrations 55) School House Perspective 56) Principal Floor DESIGN XIX.
A Regular Country House, near Goshen, Orange County, N.Y.
Text and Illustrations 57) House Perspective View 58) Cellar 59) First Floor 60) Second Floor DESIGN XX.
A Country Chapel.
Text and Illustrations 61) Church Perspective 62) Ground Plan DESIGN XXI.
An Old House Remodeled, New Jersey Dutch Farm House Type.
Text and Illustrations 63) View of the House at the time of Purchase 64) The same house remodeled 65) Ground Floor 66) Chamber Floor DESIGN XXII.
Coach House and Stable.
Text and Illustrations 67) Stable Perspective 68) Plan DESIGN XXIII.
Text and Illustrations 69) Substantial Fence with a Paneled Base 70) A More Elaborate Fence, with a Stone or Brick Base DESIGN XXIV.
Plans of the Residence of C.F. Park, Esq.
Northern End of Palisades, Western Side of the Hudson
Text and Illustrations 71) First Floor 72) Second Floor 73) Third Floor DESIGN XXV.
Carriage House and Stable.
Text and Illustrations 74) Stable Perspective 75) Stable Plan DESIGN XXVI.
Residence of T. H. Stout, Esq.
Irvington, on the Hudson.
Text and Illustrations 76) Residence of T. H. Stout, Esq., Irvington, on the Hudson 77) Cellar 78) First Floor 79) Second Floor DESIGN XXVII.
A Chapter on Gates.
Text and Illustrations 80) Truss applied to Wooden Gate 81) Gate to One of Finest Estates above Tarrytown 82) Similar Gate 83) Gate 84) Gate at New Windsor, N.Y., Parsonage 85) Brace Detail 86) Gate in Newburgh Bay 87) 88) and 89) Hinge Detail 90) Farm Gate 91) Screw with Eye Hook 92) Elevation of Oak Entrance Gate 93) Gate Plan DESIGN XXVIII.
Mr. Tristram Allen's House at Ravenswood, N.Y., Enlarged.
Text and Illustrations 94) House Perspective 95) Basement 96) First Floor 97) Second Floor 98) Attic DESIGN XXIX.
Plans of the Residence of L. M. Ferris, Esq., South of Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
Text and Illustrations 99) First Floor 100) Second Floor DESIGN XXX.
A Model Suburban Cottage, in the Old English or Rural Gothic Style, located at Montrose, on Hempstead Harbor, near Roslyn, Long Island.
By Frederick S Copley, Artist, Tompkinsville, S.I.
Text and Illustrations 101) House Perspective 102) First Floor 103) Second Floor 104) Attic and Roof 105) Basement and Cellar DESIGN XXXI.
Text and Illustrations 106) Head Stone BALLOON FRAMES. Text and Illustrations 107) Isometrical Perspective View of the Balloon Frame 108) Floor Plan 109) Elevation Section - manner of nailing 110) Upper Edge of Joist 111) Side Elevation - Manner of splicing sills - Manner of splicing studs 112) End Elevation 113) Isometrical Perspective Balloon Frame 114) Three Story Building 115) Joist notched down on plate 116) Side girt not gained in for small unplastered buildings 117) Inside lining - answers the same purpose as a side girth 118) Joist bearing on sill 120) Diagonal Ribs for Vertical or Battened Siding 121) Showing lengthwise and crosswise manner of tying frame 122) Manner of Framing Large Barns DESIGN XXXII.
How to Remodel an Old Farm House, Author's House, Boiling Spring, New Jersey.
Text and Illustrations 123) View of the Old Farm House 124) Plan of the old House 125) The old Farm House Re-modeled, Residence of George E. Woodward 126) Plan of First-floor improved 127) Plan of Second-floor 128) Original Plan of Two Acres 129) Plan of Two Acres improved 130) Old Plan of Barn 131) New Plan of Barn 132) The old Well House 133) The old Well House improved 134) The old Gate 135) The New Entrance DESIGN XXXIII.
Design for a Country House or Parsonage, by Rev. P. D. Oakey, Jamaica, N.Y.
Designs for Three Ice Houses.
Text and Illustrations 136) House Perspective 137) Cellar 138) First Floor 139) Second Floor 140) First Floor differently arranged 141) Ice House 142) Ice House 143) Ice House DESIGN XXXIV.
A Country House.
Designs for Three Ice Houses.
Text and Illustrations 144) House Perspective 145) Cellar 146) First Floor 147) Second Floor 148) Ice House 149) Ice House 150) Ice House
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